Baptism and People with Cognitive Disabilities
The following is an excerpt is from "By Water and the Spirit: A United Methodist Understanding of Baptism":
Baptism as God’s Gift to Persons of Any Age
There is one baptism as there is one source of salvation—the gracious
love of God. The baptizing of a person, whether as an infant or an
adult, is a sign of God’s saving grace. That grace—experienced by us as
initiating, enabling, and empowering—is the same for all persons. All
stand in need of it, and none can be saved without it...
Infant baptism has been the historic practice of the overwhelming majority of the church throughout the Christian centuries. While the New Testament contains no explicit mandate, there is ample evidence for the baptism of infants in Scripture (Acts 2:38-41; 16:15, 33) and in early Christian doctrine and practice. Infant baptism rests firmly on the understanding that God prepares the way of faith before we request or even know that we need help (prevenient grace). The sacrament is a powerful expression of the reality that all persons come before God as no more than helpless infants, unable to do anything to save ourselves, dependent upon the grace of our loving God. The faithful covenant community of the church serves as a means of grace for those whose lives are impacted by its ministry. Through the church, God claims infants as well as adults to be participants in the gracious covenant of which baptism is the sign. This understanding of the workings of divine grace also applies to persons who for reasons of disabilities or other limitations are unable to answer for themselves the questions of the baptismal ritual. While we may not be able to comprehend how God works in their lives, our faith teaches us that God’s grace is sufficient for their needs and, thus, they are appropriate recipients of baptism.