Glossary 4.3 - Disability Ministry Vocabulary

Throughout The Church and People with Disabilities, Bishop Johnson highlights terms and vocabulary that you might not be accustomed to.  In addition, the text has an extensive glossary to help teach these terms (printed in bold).  We will create our own glossary as a class, highlighting terms that were particularly unfamiliar to us.  

Each person needs to complete two additions to the glossary, one today (Day 4 - Deaf Culture and Other Hearing Loss) and a second one next Monday  (Day 6 - Mobility).  You can craft your entry from information in the book, by simply copying an entry from the book’s glossary, or from any online resources that you seek out.  Entries don’t need to be lengthy, but feel free to include as much information as you like, including links to web resources or pictures.  The entries for handicapist and attitudinal barriers have already done for you to look at as an example.

You will receive 10 points for each of your two entries.  You are welcome to do additional entries for the benefit of the group.

Browse the glossary using this index

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Assistive Listening Devices (ALDs)

Technology such as FM, infrared, or induction systems that enable persons with hearing loss to more clearly hear sounds coming from the PA system. Abbreviated ALDs, the term includes both the system and the individual receivers with headsets earbuds, or neckloops. Some systems can be operated using the T (telecoil) switch on the listener's hearing aids.

attitudinal barriers

Stereotypical negative thinking that automatically assumes that a person with a disability will be unable to carry our a particular task, or will demand costly modifications, or will have an intellectual disability because he or she has a physical disability.


CART captioning

Communication Access Real-Time Captioning

A computer speech to text system so what is being spoken is also being transmitted as written text during worship services

CCTV Magnifier

Closed circuit television magnifier, also known as a video magnifier, uses a mounted camera and television screen to zoom in on and magnify items such as a photograph, business card, recipe or medication bottle, making it possible for persons with limited visual acuity to read and see the objects.

cochlear implant & halo effect

c. implant -surgically placed device behind ear which has a receiver to perceive sounds and speech

Disliked by the deaf community, you have to give up any remaining hearing for the surgery. Some people find it difficult to learn to use this device and it uses a lot of battery power.

halo effect- placing a person with a disability and heaping them with praise for accomplishing ordinary tasks


Children of deaf adults.

Curb Cut

Also known as curb ramps, these are the sections of a curb, usually at a crosswalk, where the street level tapers to the sidewalk level for ease of use by people using wheeled mobility devices including baby strollers and bicycles in addition to wheelchairs and scooters. Newer curb cuts have an etched grid or a panel of raised dots installed in the sidewalk shortly before one reaches the street or parking lot as a can-detectable warning that one is approaching a traffic area.


Deaf Culture

the set of social beliefs, behaviors, art, literary traditions, history, values, and shared institutions of communities that are influenced by deafness and which use sign languages as the main means of communication. (



people first language- respectful way of always naming the person first & never referring to this person by their condition

hidden disability- one's disability not visible to others



An attitude that limits expectations for people with disabilities.  Considering people with disabilities as conditions to be fixed or charity recipients to be served would be examples of this attitude.

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